Ukraine

Democratic Security Sector Governance

  • en
  • uk

The intelligence services of democratic nations serve a key function in identifying many types of transnational threats. Domestic, foreign, and counter-intelligence services should be managed and resourced separately to prevent their instrumentalisation by narrow, vested political interests. Whilst information-sharing can be regulated, the political management of each agency should have the objective of ensuring the maintenance of public and human security within any given jurisdiction. A collection of international and regional best practices reflects the consensus on ensuring the accountability of intelligence agencies and their non-interference in domestic and international politics.

Foreign

Foreign intelligence services should be separate from domestic services and perform a monitoring role to identify security threats to the general population emanating from beyond a country’s borders. Foreign services also have an information-sharing role to perform with a variety of international partners. International sources of insecurity monitored by foreign intelligence services include organised crime and terrorist networks.

Domestic

Domestic intelligence services have a monitoring and analytical role to perform against a variety of threats that may often have international links, including organised crime and terrorist networks. Whilst not serving a law enforcement function, the information generated by the work of domestic intelligence services should positively inform political decision-making. Military intelligence should also by analytical and a separate component of the defence ministry with no link to other intelligence services.

Resources

Hans Born and Aidan Wills (eds.), Overseeing Intelligence Services: A Toolkit, (Geneva: DCAF, 2012).

Hans Born and Ian Leigh, Making Intelligence Accountable, (DCAF-University of Durham, Parliament of Norway, 2005).

Also see: ‘Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Martin Scheinin: Compilation of good practices on legal and institutional frameworks and measures that ensure respect for human rights by intelligence agencies while countering terrorism, including on their oversight’, 17 May 2010, A/HRC/14/46. For comparative data at the European level see Parliamentary Oversight of Security and Intelligence Agencies in the European Union, (European Parliament: 2011).

Conference on Monitoring Ukraine’s Security Sector Governance (SSG) Challenges: Governance and Reform of State Security Services – Best Practices

The third multi-stakeholder conference on democratic security sector governance issues in Ukraine, held at the Verkhovna Rada on the on 24th of May, has focused on intelligence reform challenges and priorities. Participants included national and intern … read more

Democratic and Effective Oversight of National Security Services

With the permission of the Council of Europe, DCAF has translated the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights’ May 2015 Issue Paper on ‘Democratic and effective oversight of national security services’ (link to original source here) into severa … read more

Overseeing Intelligence Services Toolkit

DCAF’s toolkit on overseeing intelligence services is a compendium of booklets (tools) that provides policy-relevant information on the establishment and consolidation of independent bodies to oversee state organisations involved in the collection, ana … read more

Legislating for the Security Sector Toolkit: The Argentinian National Intelligence Law

This booklet contains The Argentinian National Intelligence Law, 2001 and the Regulation of the National Intelligence Act, 2002 in its original form as well as the provisions of this legislation which are reorganised by topic. This allows lawmakers to … read more

Legislating for the Security Sector Toolkit: The Netherlands’ Intelligence and Security Services Act

This booklet contains the Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act in its original form as well as the provisions of this legislation which are reorganised by topic. This allows lawmakers to easily identify the specific subjects that should be cove … read more

Legislating for the Security Sector Toolkit: The Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act

This booklet contains the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act in its original form as well as the provisions of this legislation which are reorganised by topic. This allows lawmakers to easily identify the specific subjects that should be covere … read more

Legislating for the Security Sector Toolkit: Compilation of Good Practices for Intelligence Agencies and their Oversight

The Compilation of Good Practices within the Security Sector Toolkit highlights the legal and institutional frameworks and measures that ensure respect for human rights by intelligence agencies while countering terrorism. The toolkit also identifies in … read more

Legislating for the Security Sector Toolkit: Understanding Intelligence Oversight

This guidebook provides an introduction on how democratic states govern their intelligence services. The toolkit demonstrates how states can govern their intelligence services in order to make sure that: They contribute effectively to the security of t … read more

Parliamentary Oversight of Security and Intelligence Agencies in the European Union

This study evaluates the oversight of national security and intelligence agencies by parliaments and specialised, non-parliamentary oversight bodies with a view to identifying good practices that inform the European Parliament’s approach to strengtheni … read more

Political and Budgetary Oversight of the Ukrainian Intelligence Community

This publication addresses the problem of providing policy and budget oversight of Ukrainian intelligence organizations in accordance with norms and practices developed in contemporary Western democracies. As Ukraine continues the process of democratic … read more

Making Intelligence Accountable: Legal Standards and Best Practice for Oversight of Intelligence Agencies

This publication classifies and evaluates the legal standards that currently exist regarding the democratic accountability of intelligence services. The publication also identifies and recommends best practices applicable to both transition countries a … read more

Making Intelligence Accountable: Legal Standards and Best Practice for Oversight of Intelligence Agencies

This publication classifies and evaluates the legal standards that currently exist regarding the democratic accountability of intelligence services. The publication also identifies and recommends best practices applicable to both transition countries a … read more

Photo credit: Ivan Bandura (Flickr)

© Copyright 2017, All Rights Reserved

Web Development by Activate Media