Democratic Security Sector Governance

Democratic institutions, both the democratically elected branch of the legislature (e.g. assembly or parliament) and the judiciary, in all nations have a vital role to play in security sector oversight and monitoring security sector policies and practices. In this way, parliamentary oversight is a critical component of legislative governance of the security sector.

The role of parliamentarians and parliamentary committees is multi-faceted and, ultimately, determines the legal framework for security policy and practice, accountability of security institutions and security institutions’ use of financial and human resources. Such activities presume a high degree of motivation and focused activity by interested parliamentarians.

Additionally, all security sector institutions and their employees must be accountable to an independent judiciary for their actions.

Guidebook on Democratic Policing

This Guidebook is designed to assist OSCE staff dealing with police and law enforcement issues as well as police practitioners and policy-makers working to develop and strengthen democratic policing. The Guidebook is intended to serve as a reference to … read more

Political and Budgetary Oversight of the Ukrainian Intelligence Community

This publication addresses the problem of providing policy and budget oversight of Ukrainian intelligence organizations in accordance with norms and practices developed in contemporary Western democracies. As Ukraine continues the process of democratic … read more

Report on the Democratic Oversight of the Security Services

The focus of the 2007 report is democratic oversight of security agencies, meaning oversight of the agency, or agencies, performing the function of internal security.

Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency

This Code of Good Practices illustrates the degree of transparency to which governments and their fiscal institutions ought to achieve. The code explains the clarity of roles and responsibilities, open-budget processes, public availability of informati … read more

DCAF Backgrounder: Parliament’s Role in Defence Procurement

This document is part of the DCAF Backgrounder series, which provides practitioners with concise introductions to a variety of issues in the field of security sector governance and reform. This particular Backgrounder deals with Defence Procurement and … read more

The Parliamentary Dimension of Defence Procurement

This paper consists of two parts. The first deals with parliamentary control and practice in general and moves on to the changing European security environment. The second part of the paper analyses the major international organisations dealing with Eu … read more

Making Intelligence Accountable: Legal Standards and Best Practice for Oversight of Intelligence Agencies

This publication classifies and evaluates the legal standards that currently exist regarding the democratic accountability of intelligence services. The publication also identifies and recommends best practices applicable to both transition countries a … read more

The United Nations Anti-Corruption Toolkit

The United Nations Anti-Corruption Toolkit contains a detailed set of specific Tools intended for use by officials called upon to elaborate elements of a national anti-corruption strategy and to assemble these into an overall strategic framework, as we … read more

Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector: Principles, Mechanisms, and Practices

Parliaments have a vital role to play in the good governance of the security sector and the provision of transparent and accountable public security. This handbook is divided into eight sections, each containing several chapters and can be read in two … read more

Public Expenditure Management Handbook

This handbook provides a framework for thinking about how governments can attain sound budget performance and gives guidance on the key elements of a well-performing public expenditure management (PEM) system. For any reform agenda, the handbook highli … read more

Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security

The ‘OSCE Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security’ was adopted in 1994. It is a politically binding instrument. It calls for the democratic control not only of the military but also other security forces including paramilitary, police … read more

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