Ukraine

Democratic Security Sector Governance

  • en
  • uk
  • ru

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an intergovernmental organization comprised of 57 participating States. According to the OSCE factsheet, it constitutes a forum for political dialogue on a wide range of security issues and a platform for joint action to improve the lives of individuals and communities. Its approach to security encompasses the politico-military, economic and environmental, and human dimensions. The OSCE helps bridge differences and build trust between states by co-operating on conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. OSCE addresses arms control, terrorism, good governance, energy security, human trafficking, democratization, media freedom and national minorities’ issues.

 

What does OSCE do for SSR?

The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is currently engaged in activities addressing various aspects of security sector reform (SSR). The OSCE’s pioneering Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Relations set the agenda for the good governance of the security sector. The growth of OSCE involvement and interest in SSR ultimately led to the OSCE publication of the Security Sector Governance and Reform Guidelines for OSCE staff.

Adopted in 1994 as a politically-binding instrument, the ‘OSCE Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security’ remains the main OSCE statement on SSR. The code not only calls for the democratic control of the military but other security forces including paramilitary, police and intelligence services too. The democratic control of the security sector is thus considered to be an essential element for stability and security.

 

What does OSCE do for SSR in Ukraine?

According to a recent mapping study conducted by Folke Bernadotte Academy, the OSCE currently has 34 projects related to security sector reform underway in Ukraine. These projects fall under the following areas of work:

  • Anti-Corruption and Accountability
  • Democracy and Human Rights
  • Gender
  • Parliamentary and Public Oversight
  • Border Security and Human Trafficking
  • DDR, SALW and Demining
  • Justice Reform
  • Capacity-building

Most of these projects are driven by the OSCE Project-Coordinator in Ukraine (OSCE-PCU). OSCE-PCU handles the planning, implementation and monitoring of projects involving the OSCE, and its institutions and the relevant Ukrainian authorities. The main areas of its work involve democratization and good governance, rule of law and human rights, and a cross-dimensional programme comprising economic, environmental, and politico-military aspects of security.[1]

 

Sources:

David M. Law (ed.), DCAF (2007), Intergovernmental Organisations and their Role in Security Sector Reform

Måns Hanssen (Folke Bernadotte Academy 2016), International Support to Security Sector Reform in Ukraine. A mapping study of SSR projects.

OSCE-PCU Factsheet, available here.

 

[1] Source: OSCE-PCU Factsheet, available here.

Security Sector Governance and Reform Guidelines for OSCE Staff

These guidelines provide OSCE staff with advice on supporting cross-dimensional approaches to security sector governance and reform (SSG/R). The purpose of such approaches is to promote a move away from the kind of fragmented support which has a limite … read more

Handbook on Combating Corruption

This handbook is a reference guide on available legal tools, the latest legislative and policy trends, and pertinent measures and practices to prevent and suppress corruption. The handbook is aimed at raising awareness of the range of international ins … read more

Conference 1: Ukraine’s Security Governance – Challenges, Status and Needs

On the 21 and 22 of January 2016, a Conference on Ukraine’s Security Governance challenges, status and needs was held in Kyiv in cooperation with the Razumkov Centre. This was the first conference out of the series of four that will be held in Ukraine … read more

Legislating for the Security Sector Toolkit: International Police Standards guidebook on Democratic Policing

This toolkit contains international standards and principles of democratic policing. The guidebook is designed to assist OSCE staff dealing with police and law-enforcement issues as well as police practitioners and policy-makers working to develop and … read more

Guidebook on Democratic Policing

This Guidebook is designed to assist OSCE staff dealing with police and law enforcement issues as well as police practitioners and policy-makers working to develop and strengthen democratic policing. The Guidebook is intended to serve as a reference to … read more

Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security

The ‘OSCE Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security’ was adopted in 1994. It is a politically binding instrument. It calls for the democratic control not only of the military but also other security forces including paramilitary, police … read more

Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security

The ‘OSCE Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security’ was adopted in 1994. It is a politically binding instrument. It calls for the democratic control not only of the military but also other security forces including paramilitary, police … read more

Photo credit: Ivan Bandura (Flickr)

© Copyright 2017, All Rights Reserved

Web Development by Activate Media